By Arnold P. Goldstein (Eds.)
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The essays accrued during this quantity all discover the matter of the relation among ethical philosophy and modernity. The ebook argues opposed to fresh makes an attempt to come back to the virtue-centered standpoint of old Greek ethics. in addition to exploring the variations among old and glossy ethics, the writer treats such issues because the roles of cause and background in our ethical knowing, the inadequacy of philosophical naturalism, and the principles of contemporary liberalism.
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Extra info for A New Morality from Science. Beyondism
It is different, first, in that it can be brought to explicitness, if required, and, therefore, fully communicated, whereas a gain of emotional truth through emotional intuition cannot be reliably transmitted. The differences of the arts and the sciences cover much more than the dependence of the former on emotional truth, especially when one comes to consider, as w e shall in Chapters 8 (Mass Media) and 9 (Art and Morals), the social, institutional role of the arts. But here w e are concerned purely with the arts as a way of gaining truth about our world.
45 reasoning, such as it is, operates as a means of finding paths to instinctually given ends. Biologically, reason is a servant to life. Let us recognize that in some sense the choice of the ultimate values with man, as with other forms of life, must be determined by biological purposes. It cannot be pulled by reason out of thin air. The actual supremacy of biological goals is patent in the individual's use of rationalization and doubtful reasoning in trying to save his own life and interests.
Alas, in a more specific sense and through what psychoanalysis has recognized as the defense mechanisms, including rationalization, reason is not even a servant of inborn needs, but an abject slave, ready to live if necessary by dishonesty. Apart from this questionable integrity, reason has failed because, without some illumination by science (or revelation), it has simply found itself—in and of itself — unable to set up a life goal. Even Plato and the classical philosophers who, in the first rapturous worship of reason, one supposes would have dearly loved to assign this privilege to it, failed in the main to find the precise goal it seemed always about to unveil.
A New Morality from Science. Beyondism by Arnold P. Goldstein (Eds.)