By Panna Ram Siyag
The publication is a accomplished guide of perform for execution of afforestation and tree planting programmes in arid and semi-arid tropics. It encompasses a compact operating account of the know-how of afforestation and the suitable rules and practices in administration of afforestation initiatives. It offers a variety of established info and a couple of version designs that are gainfully placed to take advantage of through the sphere point supervisors as additionally via the managers desirous about making plans and keep watch over of such initiatives. Written by way of a practicing professional, the publication is precious for somebody enthusiastic about the perform of afforestation and tree planting, be he a tree hobbyist or a college instructor, a qualified forester or a senior coverage maker in govt, an industrialist or a philanthropist, an environmental activist or a member of a group provider organization.
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Extra resources for Afforestation, Reforestation and Forest Restoration in Arid and Semi-arid Tropics: A Manual of Technology & Management
Of course, this can vary greatly, depending upon the type of strata found in drilling and other factors. An open well (dug well)—or a dug-cum-bore (DBC) well—can be a better alternative to a tube well in many cases. When a tube well is not feasible or is too expensive, this is the second best choice. Such a well should be fitted with an electric motor coupled with a pump (Fig. 3) or a diesel pumping set of sufficient discharge and head. Many types of pumps are available to choose from, although monoblock pumps of centrifugal type and multistage submersible pumps are the best alternatives.
Quality of seeds should be doubly ascertained from the source of collection and also by inspecting their physical condition. Fresh and mature seeds will be of bigger size than the average, have a clean and shining surface, and will be free from trash. Many varieties will sell in market only in pod form and not in clean seeds form. Such pods should be broken and clean seeds should be isolated and checked carefully. Finally, seeds may be put to an in-house germination test or sent for a laboratory germination test.
Very big plants in seedbeds will have their roots entangled, and disentangling them will cause seedlings to die. As a general guide to transplanting age, it can be said that 20–30 days (excluding germination period) is adequate for most species. For transplanting, a scoop may be used to lift a group of plants along with root zone soil. From this soil, the individual plantlets can be separated and inserted into holes made in the polypot potting mix by thrusting a sharp punch. After inserting the plantlet roots, the hole is closed over up to the collar of the plantlet.
Afforestation, Reforestation and Forest Restoration in Arid and Semi-arid Tropics: A Manual of Technology & Management by Panna Ram Siyag