By Anoushiravan Ehteshami
This booklet bargains a finished examine of post-Khomeini Iran, exploring the Rafsanjani management from financial, political, foreign, and strategic views. Anoush Ehteshami assesses the severe dilemmas of the regime either earlier than and because the demise of its first religious chief.
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Additional info for After Khomeini: The Iranian Second Republic
The ‘internationalists’ regarded the war as the best conduit for the export of the revolution, whereas the ‘Stalinists’ on the war issue advocated consolidation at home as the best strategy for the republic’s future progress. Mozaffari argues that, like its Russian counterpart, which eventually became ‘revolution in one country’, ‘the Islamic revolution has also evolved from the Umma revolution to the Iranian Islamic revolution’ (Mozaffari 1993:614). The war had already been condemned as ‘un-Islamic’ by some senior Islamic figures.
We must repent of our past mistakes’, he said (SWB, ME/0384, 14 February 1989). He put the emphasis on reforms which might help in the absorption of the ‘specialist forces both at home and abroad’, the extension of freedom of speech and political activity, and an end of censorship in the press and the electronic media. The above, rather complementary, positions joined to add to the impetus for reform of the executive structures and ‘the ways of the state’ already openly discussed. These developments in themselves were perhaps not sufficient evidence of the demise of the old order, however.
These were the process of constitutional reform sanctioned by Ayatollah Khomeini and the resignation of Ayatollah Montazeri as the Faqih-designate in March 1989. THE RESIGNATION OF AYATOLLAH MONTAZERI The resignation of Ayatollah Montazeri on 28 March 1989 as the Faqihdesignate some four years after his official endorsement as the successor to Ayatollah Khomeini was a significant development as far as the future of the Islamic Republic was concerned. At one level, the resignation helped to highlight the lack of stability prevalent in the system some ten years after the founding of the Islamic Republic.
After Khomeini: The Iranian Second Republic by Anoushiravan Ehteshami