Download PDF by Bas C. Van Fraassen: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Time and Space

By Bas C. Van Fraassen

ISBN-10: 0231061331

ISBN-13: 9780231061339

An introductory, historic survey of philosophical positions on house and time, during the precise thought of relativity and the causal concept of time.

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Expand our lexicon to provide neutral, purely referential names where necessary". (p. 61 Marcus' emphasis) ]9 Page 12, Modalities. 40 Page 12, Modalities. 41 Page 12, Modalities. 42 Page 10, Modalities. The passage continues in a somewhat confusing way, with Marcus saying that therefore since (14) is "valid" (13) must be as well. She then adds that this was "precisely the import oImy theorem [of the necessity of identity]". Put aside that her theorem didn't involve names at all. Surely we would now see her claims about (13) and (14) saying the same thing, and being jointly valid, as going well beyond the claim that they are necessarily equivalent.

The passage continues in a somewhat confusing way, with Marcus saying that therefore since (14) is "valid" (13) must be as well. She then adds that this was "precisely the import oImy theorem [of the necessity of identity]". Put aside that her theorem didn't involve names at all. Surely we would now see her claims about (13) and (14) saying the same thing, and being jointly valid, as going well beyond the claim that they are necessarily equivalent. Of course, if contrary to Smith's thesis - Marcus was not carefully distinguishing necessity from logical validity, analyticity, and aprioricity, then her tendency in the article to slip from one to another is quite understandable.

31 22 SCOTT SOAMES Another point to keep in mind is that Kripke's presentation of the modal argument was not limited to the behavior of names in modal constructions, but was explicitly concerned with the evaluation of simple sentences (free of modal operators) at alternative possible worlds. 32 The basic intuition tapped by Kripke's version of the modal argument was not only about the truth value of modal sentences, like Necessarily Aristotle was a philosopher, but also about the truth value of simple sentences, such as Aristotle was a philosopher, when evaluated at alternative worlds.

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An Introduction to the Philosophy of Time and Space by Bas C. Van Fraassen


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