By James A. Marcum
During this ebook the writer explores the transferring philosophical limitations of recent scientific wisdom and perform occasioned through the difficulty of quality-of-care, in particular when it comes to a few of the humanistic changes to the biomedical version. as a consequence he examines the metaphysical, epistemological, and moral limitations of those clinical types. He starts off with their metaphysics, examining the metaphysical positions and presuppositions and ontological commitments upon which clinical wisdom and perform is based. subsequent, he considers the epistemological matters that face those scientific types, quite these pushed via methodological systems undertaken through epistemic brokers to represent clinical wisdom and perform. eventually, he examines the axiological barriers and the moral implications of every version, specially by way of the physician-patient courting. In a concluding Epilogue, he discusses how the philosophical research of the humanization of contemporary drugs is helping to deal with the crisis-of-care, in addition to the query of what's medicine?
The booklet s special positive aspects contain a entire insurance of a few of the subject matters within the philosophy of medication that experience emerged over the last a number of many years and a philosophical context for embedding bioethical discussions. The publication s goal audiences contain either undergraduate and graduate scholars, in addition to healthcare execs philosophers.
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Additional info for An Introductory Philosophy of Medicine: Humanizing Modern Medicine (Philosophy and Medicine) (Philosophy and Medicine)
The ontological commitment of the biomedical model is physicalism or its older manifestation of materialism, while humanistic or humane medicine is generally committed ontologically to organicism. 1 Physicalism/Materialism Physicalism, as William Seager so succinctly puts it, is “the claim that everything is physical” (2000, p. 340). In other words, the world and everything in it is corporal or physical in nature and there is nothing in it that is not physical. For example, Thomas Nagel defines physicalism as “the thesis that a person, with all his psychological attributes, is nothing over and above his body, with all its physical attributes” (1965, p.
He specifically denied earlier “billiard-ball” physics, opting for contemporary physics in which matter and energy are interrelated. 3 Ontological Commitments 29 and, properties, relations, and facts…which are studied by physics or other physical sciences” (1990, p. 394). Engel also claims that physicalism “assumes that the language of chemistry and physics will ultimately suffice to explain biological phenomena” (1977, p. 130). And for Hellman and Thompson (1975) mathematical physics best exemplifies the most “basic” physical science.
Rather, it reflects the assemblage of its parts as a whole, especially with respect to its informational content (Foss, 2002). Consequently, properties emerge that cannot be derived or deduced from examining the individual parts in isolation; rather, only when the whole is examined can the emergent properties be explained. Organicism, then, differs from reductionistic materialism and vitalism in terms of focusing on the inter-relationships of parts as a complex matrix, rather than a simple combination or collection of parts.
An Introductory Philosophy of Medicine: Humanizing Modern Medicine (Philosophy and Medicine) (Philosophy and Medicine) by James A. Marcum