Download PDF by Diogenes the Cynic, Robin Hard: Diogenes the Cynic: Sayings and Anecdotes, With Other

By Diogenes the Cynic, Robin Hard

ISBN-10: 0199589240

ISBN-13: 9780199589241

Diogenes the Cynic is famed for jogging the streets with a lamp in sunlight, searching for a decent guy. His biting wit and whimsical habit have been mythical, and it was once via his well known aphorisms that his ethical teachings have been transmitted. He scorned the conventions of civilized lifestyles, and his ascetic way of life and caustic reviews educated the Cynic philosophy and later stimulated Stoicism. This targeted version additionally covers his rapid successors, reminiscent of Crates, his spouse Hipparchia, and the witty ethical preacher Bion. The contrasting teachings of the Cyrenaic college, based by way of Aristippos, a pleasure-loving buddy of Socrates, whole the quantity, including a variety of apocryphal letters.

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Extra resources for Diogenes the Cynic: Sayings and Anecdotes, With Other Popular Moralists

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Or a saying could be presented as an answer to a question. ”’ Although the answer is put into the mouth of Aristotle, one senses at once that the thought originated as anonymous wisdom in the oral tradition, as in the case of the preceding saying, which was also ascribed to Aristotle. g. 314). In many cases, however, the response would be set in a more definite context, within a brief anecdote; and this could help to bring out the idiosyncrasies of the speaker, or to set his character or outlook in contrast with the questioner who appears with him in the anecdote.

To become a true individual and proper human being, so he thought, one must turn aside from conventional society and reject all its values, to live in accordance with nature, and nature at a very basic level; otherwise one will simply remain a member of the crowd. It is this thought that is expressed in what is perhaps his best-known anecdote. He lit a lamp in daylight and walked through the streets of Athens with it; and when asked why, replied that he was looking for a man. Since lighting a lamp in daylight was a proverbial expression for a futile exercise, this was a symbolic action which was designed to suggest that it is pointless to expect to be able to find a man in Athens.

At some stage in the latter part of his life, however, he was supposed to have been captured by pirates and sold into slavery, to serve in Corinth as a masterful slave; although this was almost certainly a fiction invented in the third century BC (see Section IX and notes), it was adopted into his biography to form the concluding part of it, along with the stories of his death, which was sometimes placed in Corinth. Rightly or wrongly, Corinth came to be regarded as having been something of a second home for him.

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Diogenes the Cynic: Sayings and Anecdotes, With Other Popular Moralists by Diogenes the Cynic, Robin Hard

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